Now that the Taliban say they have finally made Afghanistan independent, they are putting forward a government. The government and the economy have been shut down for half a month, and the country lives in fear of the new rulers.
There is hunger, among other things, due to the devaluation of money and the loss of supplies of basic necessities.
Prices of many commodities have risen more than 50 percent in two weeks, such as cooking oil, wheat and rice. Due to the collapse of President Ghani’s pro-Western government, many Afghans have no income at all. According to Pakistani authorities, 3 million Afghans have already fled to Pakistan. As a result, there is a threat of famine, especially in cities.
The Taliban have previously announced that they would not form a government until after the last Americans left, and it should now take shape. According to observers, the economic collapse is forcing the new rulers to hurry and seek relations with foreign countries to get the economy on track.
Last year, 40 percent of the country’s official revenue came from foreign aid and donations. Government assets are now frozen in the US, and the Taliban has no access to the IMF. In addition, the UN has sanctions against the Taliban. It is unclear how, for example, the new rulers will pay the wages of civil servants. The Taliban terror itself was financed mainly through criminal activities such as drug crime, extortion, smuggling and donations from sponsors in the Gulf and Pakistan.
Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid has said the Taliban want good political and economic relations with the rest of the world. They should be based on fairness and mutual recognition. The Taliban have long been in talks with China, Iran, Russia, and the US. They call that a working relationship, but no one has officially recognized them.
The Taliban are Sunni extremists who now want to give the impression that they are not running a reign of terror as they did in 1996-2001. They have sent emissaries to a large Shia minority, the Hazara, who fear persecution again. They are also in talks with pro-Western ex-president Karzai and talking to armed opponents in the Panjshir Valley. The Taliban are also afraid of new quarrels among themselves or with population groups if governing without financial means, for this proves to be too difficult a task.